Meeting in visio from February 26, 2021 at 17 p.m.
Félix Relats Montserrat (French Institute of Oriental Archeology), The excavations of Médamoud, archaeological news
Médamoud, located 8 km north of Karnak, has been excavated by Ifao since 1925. Until 1940, the excavation of the temple dedicated to Montou, the god of Thebes, yielded numerous monuments ranging from IIe millennium BC to Byzantine times. Since 2011, a new mission has taken over the fieldwork to complete the research of our predecessors and study the city surrounding the temple. The excavation of this city, never explored until then, quickly showed the richness of the site in terms of ceramic crafts. To date, five workshops are known, covering more than a millennium of production between the New Kingdom and the Ptolemaic era.
Bérangère Redon (CNRS, HiSoMA, Lyon), From the XVIIIe dynasty at the beginning of the Roman period: the revisited history of the site of Kôm el-Nogous / Plinthine in Maréotide
The site of Kôm el-Nogous - located between the Mediterranean Sea and Lake Maréotis, 38 km west of Alexandria - has attracted little attention from modern travelers, more impressed by the ruins of the nearby temple of Taposiris Magna. . However, the ancient site rises to more than 11 m compared to the surrounding fields and occupies an area of 15 ha. Its horseshoe shape has been interpreted in various ways: amphitheater, agora, fort. Its date of occupation has also been the subject of debate, even if there was agreement to place it in the late period, due to the presence of a village and a necropolis essentially dated from the Hellenistic period. Adriani's few excavations in the 1930s yielded no additional information. On the other hand, since 2013, the work of the French mission for the excavations of Taposiris Magna and Plinthine (MFTMP) has shown that the kom concealed the ruins of a locality founded at least since the XVIIIe dynasty and abandoned in early Roman times. Probably having housed a temple of Ramses II, it experienced a phase of great dynamism during the Saïto-Persian era and a final period of development during the Ptolemaic era. Among the remains unearthed, two crushers, stamped wine jars and thousands of archaeobotanical remains of vines and grapes allow the site of kôm el-Nogous to be identified at the Plinthine of the Greeks where, according to legend, viticulture would have been invented.
Gaëlle Tallet (University of Limoges, Department of History), Between agriculture and pastoralism: an oasis society in El-Deir (Kharga) facing climatic pulsations in Ier century before our era
The El-Deir site, northeast of the Kharga depression in the Libyan Desert, controls a central circulation route between the Great Oasis and the Theban region. Between agricultural exploitation of an irrigated perimeter, allowing the development of a cash crop, and supply of caravan traffic, the vocations of the site have been multiple during its history, and largely dependent on the variation of water resources. If El-Deir has now returned to the sands of the desert, geoarchaeological surveys have made it possible to reconstruct the creation processes of this micro-oasis and the water dynamics that have marked its history, from the Saïto-Persian era to the late Roman period. The intersection of geomorphological, geoarchaeological, archaeological and epigraphic approaches opens up new perspectives on the adaptive capacities of human communities established in the region, faced with climatic conditions whose variations are appreciated more and more finely. The end of the Hellenistic period appears in particular as one of the pivotal moments in this history: it indeed testifies to the culmination of a dynamic of population establishment and development of a terroir structured around the vineyard, initiated from the Saïto-Persian era by the temple of Amun d'Hibis, and the occurrence of water crises, which could have led to temporary reconversions in pastoral activities.
Videos of the January 19 meeting are available in the member's area :
gentlemen Laurent Coulon, Vincent Rondot and Pierre Tallet took the floor to discuss the following subjects respectively:
- The French Institute of Oriental Archeology: news from a young hundred-forty-something;
- Deprived of its public, the Egyptian Department of the Louvre restores and redeploys. News from Mastaba;
- The pre and proto-dynastic inscriptions of Wadi Ameyra - South Sinai.
Videos of the Tuesday 1 meetinger December 2020 are available in the member's area :
Vincent Morel, University of Geneva - EPHE, PSL & Jean-Guillaume Olette-Pelletier, Sorbonne University - Faculty of Letters
Chromatic discoveries dans the quarries of Wadi Hammamat
Julie Porchet-Stauder, University of Geneva
The Hirkouf facade in Qoubbet el Haoua: a verbal and visual rhetoric
La sebayt is just around the corner (February 20 and 27 via cisco webex). For those who are not members with the package and who have not contacted us to reserve their place do not hesitate! The deadlines for registrations are Saturday February 20 11 a.m. for the day of February 20 and Saturday February 27 11 a.m. for the day of the 27.
Frank Monnier, engineer, illustrator, specialist in architecture in ancient Egypt, scientific advisor, and associate member at CNRS (UMR 7041-ArScAn) and at the University of Montpellier (UMR 5140 ASM) has just launched a kisskissbankbank (crossfunding) for him make it possible to reconstruct in 3D the palace of Malqatta, built by Amenhotep III (the goal of this project is to produce free 3D virtual tours available on the internet.)
To make this project feasible, any help and support will be welcome!
In Cairo, a hieroglyphic machine returns to service
"We managed to restart it in September after several repairs and the acquisition of parts that were faulty", explains with pride Mathieu Gousse, head of the publishing division of the Institute.
The first character, redesigned and then reprinted in September during testing, was an Egyptian cross of life. "We were very moved," he told AFP.
For the purposes of the project, the former machine operator, Hossam Saad, 63, had to come out of retirement. He is now responsible for training young workers and is delighted to teach them "to operate machines that do not exist anywhere else".
"We are at a pivotal moment. (...) This is the moment when we will be able to transmit knowledge, know-how to a younger generation", assures Mr. Gousse.
"A particular grain"
Beside the Foucher, a Monotype machine melts Latin characters in lead, while a worker inks leaves of hieroglyphics on an antediluvian platinum press.
At a time when offset printing and digital technology reign supreme in the publishing world, the restarting, once a week, of a typographic workshop is a curiosity in the Egyptian capital.
In addition to the heritage dimension, the project will eventually make it possible to initiate "work with calligraphers or book professionals, possibly artists for small prints, using the typographic system", affirms Mr. Gousse.
"The rendering is totally different", he says, specifying that the process makes it possible to obtain "a particular grain for drawings, for example, which may interest artists or calligraphers".
In addition, many researchers are attached to the entirely black hieroglyphics printed in lead, which differ from those, hollowed out, of modern publications.
Founded in 1880, the French Institute of Oriental Archeology allows researchers to study Egyptian civilizations through archeology, history and even philology.
Its director, the Egyptologist Laurent Coulon, sees in the project of restarting the hieroglyphic machine and the typographic workshop a way of "preserving all this history of Egyptology which was created with the Institute and with the printing press.
The library and its some 92.000 volumes is a reference in the world of Egyptology. Today, the center runs 35 excavation sites in Egypt and continues to publish the work of its researchers.
Support 140 years of French Egyptology and 3000 years of history under the sands!
Phone: + (33) 7 77 85 54 28
<br>• Credits: © Louvre-Hervé Lewandowski Museum
With us to talk about animals in ancient Egypt, Helene Guichard, doctor is Egyptology and chief curator in the department of Egyptian Antiquities at the Louvre Museum. She curated the exhibition Animals and Pharaohs, the animal kingdom in ancient Egypt presented at the Louvre Lens museum in 2014.
Series of lectures given by Susanne Bickel at EPHE this fall
Letters from Egypt by Gaston Maspero, from the Académie des inscriptions et belles-lettres
Committed to an Open Access policy, Ifao likes itplease inform you that all 15 volumes are online, with free access via the following link:
Article extracted from the Actualitté Web Review of 17/07/2020 (https://www.actualitte.com/)
The Department of Isère has announced the upcoming opening of its 11th departmental museum in Vif, south of Grenoble. Housed in the former Champollion family property, this new museum will be entirely dedicated to Egyptology - a first in France - and will pay tribute to the two illustrious brothers, who helped found this field of study.
At the origins of Egyptology
- Do not miss the IFAO-IFE Archeology meeting:
Annual day of French archeology in Egypt
Tuesday July 14, 2020 at 17:00 p.m., YouTube Ifao
France-Egypt Archeology Day 2020
اليوم الفرنسي المصري لعلم الآثار
Laurent Coulon, Ahmed Al-Shoky, Marie Dominique-Nenna, Luc Gabolde, Vincent Rondot, Yannick Lintz and Carine Juvin, Agnès Macquin, Laurence Engel
Partner (s) of Ifao : IFE
Language : French with simultaneous translation into Arabic.
With nearly fifty missions working on the numerous excavation and restoration sites throughout the Egyptian territory, France is Egypt's first partner in archeology.
France-Egypt Archeology Day pays tribute each year to these Franco-Egyptian archaeological missions. This 4th edition will be held exceptionally online this year on the occasion of the national holiday of July 14 from 17:00.
During this event, organized jointly by the French Institute of Oriental Archeology (Ifao) and the French Institute of Egypt (IFE), you will be presented with the diversity and richness of the work of Franco-Egyptian teams, through a set of conferences and presentations for specialists and the general public.
Visit the Ifao YouTube channel at 17:00 p.m. on Tuesday, July 14, or subscribe to the channel now to receive notification when the broadcast begins.
Conferences in French accompanied by subtitles in Arabic.
- Introductory messages by:
Sem Stephane Romatet, Ambassador of France to Egypt
HE the Prof. Dr. Khaled el-Enany, Minister of Tourism and Antiquities of Egypt
M. Jamel Oubechou, Councilor for Cooperation and Cultural Action in Egypt, Director of the IFE
- Laurent Coulon, director of Ifao
The works of Ifao in 2019/2020
- Ahmed Al, Aïn Shams University and Ifao
Qal'at Cheikh Humâm, objectives and prospects of a new excavation.
- Marie Dominique-Nenna, director of the Alexandria Studies Center
CEAlex's work in 2019/2020
- Luc Gabolde, director of the Franco-Egyptian Center for the Study of the Temples of Karnak (CFEETK).
The missions of CFEETK
- Vincent Rondot, Director of the Department of Egyptian Antiquities, Louvre Museum
Resumption of excavations at the Louvre at the Serapeum in Saqqara
- Yannick Lintz and Carine Juvin, Department of Islamic Arts, Louvre Museum
Gaston Wiet's archives at the Louvre.
- Agnes Macquin, head of the Ifao library
Focus on the Orient Libraries project
With an introduction by Laurence Engel, President of the National Library of France
A new tool in Egyptology: a first version of the bAse of data which lists the objects of Coptos preserved in various museums, as well as their bibliography, project carried by Vanessa Desclaux, is now accessible on the site of the MOM: https://coptos.mom.fr/
- Call for papers:
Mariette conference, Two centuries after Boulogne-sur-Mer, 20-21 may 2021
Jean-Louis Podvin (Univ. Littoral Côte d'Opale) & Didier Devauchelle (Univ. De Lille).
Information at the bottom of this page
______________________________________________________________________________________- For new and very interesting works to discover:
Information at the bottom of this page
Some photos and videos of our last meeting of 1er February 2020 at the INHA auditorium.
"Two unusual pictures of the temple of Karnak"
"Transform, reuse or usurp statues in ancient Egypt"
“The Stone of Palermo. New investigation and discoveries on the oldest Egyptian Royal Annals »
by Massimiliano Nuzzolo
News from Egyptology
Release of Egypt and the Nile Valley, volume 3, late eras (1069-332 BC) PUF editions, a volume dedicated to late eras, since the XXIe dynasty until the end of the XXXe dynasty. This is an opportunity for its author, Frédéric Payraudeau, lecturer at Sorbonne University (Paris), to present this innovative synthesis to us over an often overlooked period.
SFE: This book was long overdue!
Bro. Payraudeau: Indeed, this 3e volume of the Clio collection appears more than 25 years after the previous ones. Paradoxically, this is fortunate, because knowledge of these periods has changed significantly more in the last 30 years than in the previous century. Today, they seem to us less marked by decadence than by successive adaptations which allowed Egyptian civilization to last a millennium after the fall of the Ramses. The proliferation of studies on late eras over the past 20 years, especially in Europe, has significantly enriched the work but slowed down its writing, which spanned more than 8 years. The bibliography, however selective, spans 75 pages!
SFE: What were these major advances in these periods?
Bro. Payraudeau: These questions do not arise in the same way for the Third Intermediate Period and the Late Period. For the first, the simple succession of the pharaohs is still sometimes problematic but has progressed a lot since the work of Jean Yoyotte and Kenneth Kitchen. Regarding the Late Period, historical knowledge was already solid, but the period has been re-evaluated in the cultural field in particular. The art of these eras is now fully appreciated by specialists in ancient Egypt as well as by the informed public, as recent exhibitions at the Musée Jacquemart-André and the Musée de Grenoble have shown. I am also happy to have been able to include illustrations in this volume, which was not the case for the previous works. Archaeological excavations concerning vestiges of these periods have also developed a lot since the beginning of this century (Osirian chapels of Karnak, Tanis, Bubastis, Heraklion, Heliopolis…). This made it possible to clarify many points of history.
SFE: Does this work extend the issues dealt with in the first volumes?
Bro. Payraudeau: Yes, we no longer write ancient history as we did thirty or forty years ago. Egyptology, although often accused of conservatism, has long opened up to social, economic and cultural history, even if the documentation has its limits in these fields. I therefore wanted to give, in addition to a detailed chronological overview of the XXIe at XXXe dynasties, an overview of knowledge and discussions on transversal subjects, absent from the first two volumes of the collection. We will thus find chapters on the monarchical state, administration, economy, culture and religion of late eras.
News from “friendly” associations
- Last year, SFE invited Patrice Le Guilloux to present us an unknown actor of the archaeological site of Pierre Montet in Tanis, the architect Jean-Louis Fougerousse.
On the occasion of the 140e anniversary of the birth of Jean-Louis Fougerousse (1879-1953), painter and architect of the Mission Montet between 1931 and 1939, Patrice Le Guilloux, member of the MFFT, has just dedicated a book, in which he traces his life, insisting on the work done in Tanis in the light of many archival documents and unpublished watercolors, which he has recently found among some of his descendants or in private collections.
The book can be ordered in bookstore by indicating the ISBN number 9782322122158. In the meantime, large extracts can be viewed at this address:
A new history textbook from Egypt at Armand-Colin
In the Nile Valley, a complex cultural process emerges, one of the oldest territorial states in the world, led by a sacred kingship and an administration that develops and evolves during the almost 3000 years that separate the 1st Dynasty from the Roman conquest.
Beyond the image of an immobile Pyramids Egypt led by an all-powerful despot, the most recent research, stemming from the analysis of written and iconographic documentation as well as from the latest archaeological discoveries, led on the contrary to painting. a much more nuanced picture. From the central role of the local scale to the power games between the Court's great families, from the food economy to international trade, from the exploitation of the deserts surrounding Egypt to the long-distance expeditions to Sinai, Punt, Sudan or the Near East, it is a constantly evolving kingdom that is depicted here.
Beyond the summary of the chronological framework essential to the understanding of Egyptian history, the book addresses the historical issues of each of its major periods, touching not only history but also society and culture. by also presenting current historiographical debates.
Extracts from the manual
Call for papers
seminar Mariette, Two centuries later
Boulogne-sur-Mer, May 20-21, 2021
Jean-Louis Podvin (Univ. Littoral Côte d'Opale) & Didier Devauchelle (Univ. De Lille)
Auguste Mariette was born in Boulogne-sur-Mer the 11 February 1821, a little over a year before Jean-François Champollion rediscovered the operation of the hieroglyphic system. He is passionate about Egypt at the mercy of family accidents and the purchase of a coffin by the city museum, then abandons his position as a professor at the college for a junior job at the Louvre Museum in Paris. Thirty years old, he left for Egypt, charged with a mission of purchase of papyrus that he can not carry out and transforms into excavations: he exhumes the Serapeum of Memphis, placing nasology Egyptology in a dynamic excavations and discoveries that have not stopped.