History of Egyptology news
Elected to the presidency of our beautiful association last October, I would first of all like to sincerely thank the members of the Society and of the committee for the honor and the trust placed in me. I will do my best, with energy and conviction, to be up to the task, with the help in particular of the members of the board, Guillemette Andreu-Lanoë and Frédéric Payraudeau, elected as vice-president, and Nathalie Favry and Gérard Bizien who have agreed to resume their mandates as secretary general and treasurer respectively. We also know that we can rely on the professionalism of Laetitia Gallet, who holds the secretariat. It is also very pleasant for me to thank the outgoing members of the committee, who gave considerable time and energy to the SFE, and among them my predecessor Pierre Tallet, and the two vice-presidents, Patrizia Piacentini and Olivier Perdu.
We will continue to work as a team, to make full use of the skills and goodwill, rich and varied within this committee and our association, so that our learned society continues to be a living and friendly place of exchange, between students, professionals, amateurs but also between generations, and in step with the times.
We will thus, with the partly renewed committee, but also with all the members, continue the great adventure of the French Society of Egyptology, soon to be a hundred years old. It is indeed two festive years that are opening. 2022 will be the bicentenary of the Letter to Monsieur Ironside by Jean-François Champollion, which marks the deciphering of hieroglyphics and the founding act of our discipline. It will be an opportunity to measure what makes Egyptology today, a territory of the human sciences where many disciplines and expertise are mingled, but also to question the gesture by which Europe has built its relationship to this Mediterranean, African and Eastern past. Numerous events are planned for 2022, across France: the Society will support major events to guide members in this beautiful agenda, and will join, among others, the exhibition and the Champollion conference organized in the spring by the Library. Nationale de France, which will kick off the celebrations. In addition, in 2023, we will celebrate the centenary of the founding of the French Society of Egyptology.
Like many associations and learned societies, the SFE is coming out of a difficult period in a pandemic context, but we have also learned to find ourselves differently, thanks to videoconference and hybrid meetings, with an interactive and live broadcast. We are resuming our face-to-face sessions, but we will take full advantage of the experience acquired during periods of confinement. The new tools, in particular videoconferencing, thus offer us new possibilities for more numerous interactions, in particular with members far from Paris or who do not always have the possibility of traveling. We will continue to meet three times a year, but these meetings will be webcast live on Zoom with the ability for remote participants to take part in the discussions. However, we will continue to organize regular online intermediary sessions, which open up additional spaces for the communication of recent discoveries. We will meet again on December 15 on zoom for a session devoted to the news of various excavations of the Theban west bank in Louqsor then again in February, then on March 12 the INHA at 14 p.m., for a communication from Christophe Barbotin (Louvre) on the rich Reverseaux papyrus and a conference by Georges Soukiassian (IFAO) on the Governors Palace and the IFAO excavations in Balat.
With this in mind, we will also continue the momentum initiated by my predecessors to anchor our association across France, in the regions, in collaboration with local associations but also to promote exchanges between students in Egyptology from various French universities where our discipline is present. Likewise, the Company's website and its various accounts on social networks have been enriched in recent years, but the work remains open: we will continue to try to make them spaces as energetic and interactive as possible, while remaining attentive to guarantee the level of memberships and still recruiting within our company.
Finally, one of the riches of the French Society is to offer two major publications, with the Bulletin which brings together the texts of the lectures and short communications and the Review of Egyptology, one of the major international journals in the discipline. Rich in a dynamic and lively committee, which also makes it its specificity and made up of Isabelle Régen, Félix Relats Montserrat, Elsa Oréal, Frédéric Payraudeau, Olivier Perdu, Yann Tristant and myself, the journal has just elected to its head of a new director, Elsa Oréal, to whom Olivier Perdu, after years of dedication, has just passed the torch. We welcome him.
Science does not exist alone in the ether of ideas; it takes place, is embodied in individuals and spaces of sociability. Thus the SFE belongs to its members and to voluntary energies: do not hesitate to send us your information, your ideas, and your desires.
While waiting to meet again, I wish you a very happy end of year celebrations,
Saturday February 12, 2022 at 15 p.m. by Mrs Hélène Bouillon,
Curator of Heritage at the Louvre-Lens
This second volume devoted to the batch of papyrus discovered in 2013 on the site of Ouadi el-Jarf (on the western coast of the Gulf of Suez) completes the publication of the logbooks which were part of this set of archives. Much more fragmentary than papyri A and B, which reported the work of the phyle of Inspector Merer in the transport of limestone blocks from Tourah to the Giza plateau, papyri C, D, E and F record other missions which were assigned to the same team, probably during a period of one little over a year. One of these documents, papyrus C, probably relates to the development of a port structure near the Mediterranean coast, and confirms the role that foundations could play.wood in the development of regions such as the Nile Delta at the start of IVe dynasty. Papyrus D, which emanates from a scribe named Dedi, depicts the activity of several phyls from the same team in repetitive surveillance and supply tasks, which are probably linked to the functioning of the temple of the Valley of King Cheops, and perhaps even of his palace, at the foot of his funeral complex of Giza.
Study days from Thursday, November 18, 2021 to Friday, November 19, 2021 at 9:00 a.m., en Sorbonne
Texts from one writing space to another
Text from one writing space to another
Florence Albert & Chloé Ragazzoli
The WRITING SPACES days will focus on the making of the written product and its deployment in space, in particular when moving from one graphic space to another (from the cursive manuscript to the hieroglyphic parietal surface, for example). Asking a new series of questions on Egyptian scripturality, she takes over from the first days of study on "Graphic registers", which aimed in particular to identify the semiotic values associated with the appearance of the different scripts used, according to their context, which participate fully in the meaning of a text and its reception, beyond the mere linguistic content. By using this first base, the reflection is moving in 2021 towards the procedures and practices of accommodation of the written product, in particular in space, in particular in the cases of the circulation of the same textual material, of a graphic register to another, from one written space to another, through, again, a range of practical cases - mythological papyri; monumentalized, hymnised and poetized historical tales; funeral books and “parietal” rituals, etc. - the study of which will allow a theoretical approach to be established. Participants are therefore invited to address these questions through their body of studies.
_____________________________________________________________Series of lectures by Professor Stefan Pfeiffer, holder of the Chair of Ancient History at the University of Martin-Luther Halle-Wittenberg.
THE NARMER DATABASE (www.narmer.org)
has been updated and now includes, in addition to Narmer, all known royal inscriptions attributed to Dynasty 0, including Iry-Hor, Ka, and Scorpion II.
International conference: "Mariette, two centuries later"
Born in Boulogne-sur-Mer on February 11, 1821, Auguste Mariette was very passionate about Egypt at the city museum. In 1849, he gave up his post of professor at the college for a job at the Louvre in Paris before going on a mission to Egypt: he then embarked on excavations, and between 1850 and 1854 exhumed the Memphis Serapeum, a prelude to discoveries that have never ceased. In 1858, he obtained from the Viceroy of Egypt the creation of an Antiquities Service which he headed. He subsequently founded a museum in Egypt itself, was in charge of representation missions at universal exhibitions, during the inauguration of the Suez Canal and for the Aida opera.
Two centuries after his birth, we wanted to devote a conference to Mariette in his hometown, where he spent the first half of his life and where he then regularly returned to recharge his batteries during his stays in France. This conference is organized jointly by the Littoral Côte d'Opale University (UR 4030 HLLI) and the University of Lille (UMR 8164 HALMA).
The study of Egyptian hieroglyphics as a praise of nuance, complexity and our humanity
International conference University of Lausanne
Friday and Saturday September 10 and 11, 2021,
"The funerary texts in Egypt in the XNUMXst millennium BC n.è."
"Continuities and changes from the Third Intermediate Period to the Late Period"
Florence Albert & Giuseppina Lenzo
Exhibition "The papyrus in all its states"
More information https://www.college-de-france.fr
Archéo-Nil celebrated its 30th anniversary last year.
La day anniversary scheduled for September 2020 will finally take place on Saturday 11 September from 9 a.m. to 20 p.m. at the National Archeology Museum in Saint-Germain-en-Laye with conferences and workshops. The morning will be an opportunity for the new generation of researchers working on Egyptian Prehistory and Predynasticism to present their work. The afternoon will be devoted to workshops in the museum's comparative archeology room. Christine Lorre, curator at MAN, very generously agreed to open the museum's display cases and reserves so that our young researchers could present to you the most significant objects from the periods that interest us. Do not miss this face to face with the Egypt of the origins! Participation in this day exception is reserved for 50 people, in order to ensure the safety of the objects and to respect the sanitary instructions in force. Only 50 tickets are on sale at a price of 50 euros per unit. The ticket gives you access to the conferences, workshops, as well as the coffee break, the lunch buffet and the end-of-season cocktail. day.
Collège de France, Guillaume Budé Amphitheater, conferences the October 13 and 20 at 11 a.m.:
Ms. Shirly Ben-Dor Evian, curator at the Israel Museum (Jerusalem) specializing in Egyptian archeology, will tell us about the relations between Egypt and the Levant in Antiquity: « Egypt and the Levant: From Territorial to Cultural Empire ».
Ms. Ben-Dor Evian will speak in English while using teaching materials in French
(health pass and mask compulsory).
Detailed program as well as more information on the following page:
Next conference (in German) from the Cairo department of the German Archaeological Institute, Tuesday 12.10.2021 at 18:00 p.m. (Cairo time).
The talk is titled "The Monastery of Paulos (Deir El-Bachît) in West Thebes / Upper Egypt - Archeology of Daily Life" and will be presented by Dr Ina Eichner (ÖAW). No prior registration.
Meeting ID: 453 062 0620
Identification code: 894036
The Travels in Nubia and Sudan by Louis Maurice Adolphe Linant de Bellefonds
Cooking, eating and drinking in antiquity
In Cairo, a hieroglyphic machine returns to service
In the typographic workshop of the French Institute of Oriental Archeology in Cairo, the well-oiled mechanics of the old Foucher machine spit out one by one lead characters stamped with hieroglyphic signs.
"We managed to restart it in September after several repairs and the acquisition of parts that were faulty", explains with pride Mathieu Gousse, head of the publishing division of the Institute.
The first character, redesigned and then reprinted in September during testing, was an Egyptian cross of life. "We were very moved," he told AFP.
For the purposes of the project, the former machine operator, Hossam Saad, 63, had to come out of retirement. He is now responsible for training young workers and is delighted to teach them "to operate machines that do not exist anywhere else".
"We are at a pivotal moment. (...) This is the moment when we will be able to transmit knowledge, know-how to a younger generation", assures Mr. Gousse.
"A particular grain"
Beside the Foucher, a Monotype machine melts Latin characters in lead, while a worker inks leaves of hieroglyphics on an antediluvian platinum press.
At a time when offset printing and digital technology reign supreme in the publishing world, the restarting, once a week, of a typographic workshop is a curiosity in the Egyptian capital.
In addition to the heritage dimension, the project will eventually make it possible to initiate "work with calligraphers or book professionals, possibly artists for small prints, using the typographic system", affirms Mr. Gousse.
"The rendering is totally different", he says, specifying that the process makes it possible to obtain "a particular grain for drawings, for example, which may interest artists or calligraphers".
In addition, many researchers are attached to the entirely black hieroglyphics printed in lead, which differ from those, hollowed out, of modern publications.
Founded in 1880, the French Institute of Oriental Archeology allows researchers to study Egyptian civilizations through archeology, history and even philology.
Its director, the Egyptologist Laurent Coulon, sees in the project of restarting the hieroglyphic machine and the typographic workshop a way of "preserving all this history of Egyptology which was created with the Institute and with the printing press.
The library and its some 92.000 volumes is a reference in the world of Egyptology. Today, the center runs 35 excavation sites in Egypt and continues to publish the work of its researchers.
Frank Monnier, engineer, illustrator, specialist in architecture in ancient Egypt, scientific advisor, and associate member at CNRS (UMR 7041-ArScAn) and at the University of Montpellier (UMR 5140 ASM) has just launched a kisskissbankbank (crossfunding) for him make it possible to reconstruct in 3D the palace of Malqatta, built by Amenhotep III (the goal of this project is to produce free 3D virtual tours available on the internet.)
To make this project feasible, any help and support will be welcome!
We must save the god Osiris
Support 140 years of French Egyptology and 3000 years of history under the sands!
Phone: + (33) 7 77 85 54 28
Animals and Pharaohs, the animal kingdom in ancient Egypt
• Credits: © Louvre-Hervé Lewandowski Museum
With us to talk about animals in ancient Egypt, Helene Guichard, doctor is Egyptology and chief curator in the department of Egyptian Antiquities at the Louvre Museum. She curated the exhibition Animals and Pharaohs, the animal kingdom in ancient Egypt presented at the Louvre Lens museum in 2014.
Letters from Egypt by Gaston Maspero, from the Académie des inscriptions et belles-lettres
Committed to an Open Access policy, Ifao likes itplease inform you that all 15 volumes are online, with free access via the following link:
Article extracted from the News Web Review of 17/07/2020 (https://www.actualitte.com/)
The Department of Isère has announced the upcoming opening of its 11th departmental museum in Vif, south of Grenoble. Housed in the former Champollion family property, this new museum will be entirely dedicated to Egyptology - a first in France - and will pay tribute to the two illustrious brothers, who helped found this field of study.
Currently under construction, the museum, created within the Les Champollion à Vif estate, should open its doors in the first quarter of 2021. It will be added to the network of museums in the Department of Isère - for the moment at number of 10 - and will therefore be free for all.
The project testifies more broadly to the commitment made by the department to continue the work of memory of the two Champollion brothers - Jean-François Champollion, the famous Egyptologist, and Jacques-Joseph Champollion-Figeac - during the acquisition of the property. family in 2001.
The establishment will revolve around three axes: the complementarity and complicity of the two brothers, their research work and finally their contribution to a new science: Egyptology.
Thus, in the mansion, a permanent exhibition on the life and work of the Champollion brothers will be presented. In the old outbuildings, temporary projects will extend the visit and offer the public a renewed offer.
Outside, the country park and the food garden will be restored in the spirit of the 19th century. Reforested, dressed in flowerbeds and an orchard with local essences, they will contribute to the atmosphere of the country house which the two brothers loved.
At the origins of Egyptology
A new tool of Egyptology:
An early version of the base of data which lists the objects of Coptos kept in various museums, as well as their bibliography, a project led by Vanessa Desclaux, is now available on the website of the MOM : https://coptos.mom.fr/
Release of Egypt and the Nile Valley, volume 3, late eras (1069-332 BC) PUF editions, a volume dedicated to late eras, since the XXIe dynasty until the end of the XXXe dynasty. This is an opportunity for its author, Frédéric Payraudeau, lecturer at Sorbonne University (Paris), to present this innovative synthesis to us over an often overlooked period.
SFE: This book was long overdue!
Bro. Payraudeau: Indeed, this 3e volume of the Clio collection appears more than 25 years after the previous ones. Paradoxically, this is fortunate, because knowledge of these periods has evolved more profoundly in the last 30 years than in the previous century. Today, they seem to us less marked by decadence than by successive adaptations which allowed Egyptian civilization to last a millennium after the fall of the Ramses. The proliferation of studies on late eras over the past 20 years, particularly in Europe, has significantly enriched the work but has slowed down its writing, which spanned more than 8 years. The bibliography, however selective, spans 75 pages!
SFE: What were these major advances in these periods?
Bro. Payraudeau: These questions do not arise in the same way for the Third Intermediate Period and the Late Period. For the first, the simple succession of the pharaohs is still sometimes problematic but has progressed a lot since the work of Jean Yoyotte and Kenneth Kitchen. Regarding the Late Period, historical knowledge was already solid, but the period has been re-evaluated in the cultural field in particular. The art of these eras is now fully appreciated by specialists in ancient Egypt as well as by the informed public, as recent exhibitions at the Musée Jacquemart-André and the Musée de Grenoble have shown. I am also happy to have been able to include illustrations in this volume, which was not the case for the previous works. Archaeological excavations concerning vestiges of these periods have also developed a lot since the beginning of this century (Osirian chapels of Karnak, Tanis, Bubastis, Heraklion, Heliopolis…). This made it possible to clarify many points of history.
SFE: Does this work extend the issues dealt with in the first volumes?
Bro. Payraudeau: Yes, we no longer write ancient history as we did thirty or forty years ago. Egyptology, although often accused of conservatism, has long opened up to social, economic and cultural history, even if the documentation has its limits in these fields. I therefore wanted to give, in addition to a detailed chronological overview of the XXIe at XXXe dynasties, an overview of knowledge and discussions on transversal subjects, absent from the first two volumes of the collection. We will thus find chapters on the monarchical state, administration, economy, culture and religion of late eras.
News from “friendly” associations »
Last year, the SFE invited Patrice Le Guilloux to present us an unknown actor of the archaeological site of Pierre Montet in Tanis, the architect Jean-Louis Fougerousse.
On the occasion of the 140e anniversary of the birth of Jean-Louis Fougerousse (1879-1953), painter and architect of the Mission Montet between 1931 and 1939, Patrice Le Guilloux, member of the MFFT, has just dedicated a book, in which he traces his life, insisting on the work done in Tanis in the light of many archival documents and unpublished watercolors, which he has recently found among some of his descendants or in private collections.
The book can be ordered in bookstore by indicating the ISBN number 9782322122158. In the meantime, large extracts can be viewed at this address:
A new history textbook from Egypt at Armand-Colin
In the Nile Valley, a complex cultural process emerges, one of the oldest territorial states in the world, led by a sacred kingship and an administration that develops and evolves during the almost 3000 years that separate the 1st Dynasty from the Roman conquest.
Beyond the image of an immobile Pyramids Egypt led by an all-powerful despot, the most recent research, stemming from the analysis of written and iconographic documentation as well as from the latest archaeological discoveries, led on the contrary to painting. a much more nuanced picture. From the central role of the local scale to the power games between the Court's great families, from the food economy to international trade, from the exploitation of the deserts surrounding Egypt to the long-distance expeditions to Sinai, Punt, Sudan or the Near East, it is a constantly evolving kingdom that is depicted here.
Beyond the summary of the chronological framework essential to the understanding of Egyptian history, the book addresses the historical issues of each of its major periods, touching not only history but also society and culture. by also presenting current historiographical debates.
Extracts from the manual
Call for papers
seminar Mariette, Two centuries later
Boulogne-sur-Mer, May 20-21, 2021
Jean-Louis Podvin (Univ. Littoral Côte d'Opale) & Didier Devauchelle (Univ. De Lille)
Auguste Mariette was born in Boulogne-sur-Mer the 11 February 1821, a little over a year before Jean-François Champollion rediscovered the operation of the hieroglyphic system. He is passionate about Egypt at the mercy of family accidents and the purchase of a coffin by the city museum, then abandons his position as a professor at the college for a junior job at the Louvre Museum in Paris. Thirty years old, he left for Egypt, charged with a mission of purchase of papyrus that he can not carry out and transforms into excavations: he exhumes the Serapeum of Memphis, placing nasology Egyptology in a dynamic excavations and discoveries that have not stopped.